Modal verbs for deduction

 

modal-deduction

We use modal verbs to say how sure we are about something.

1 must

We use must when we feel sure that something is true because there’s very strong evidence.

  • He must live near here because he comes to work on foot.  (We don’t know where he lives but we’re sure it’s not far away.)

2 might, may, could

We use mightmay or could to say that we think something is possible but we’re not sure.

  • Did you hear that? I think there might be a burglar downstairs. (She’s not sure there’s a burglar but she thinks it’s possible.)

3 can’t

We use can’t when we feel sure something is not true.

  • It can’t be a burglar. All the doors and windows are locked. (He doesn’t know it’s not a burglar but he feels sure it’s not.)

The modals mustn’t and can aren’t used for this purpose.

(source: learningenglish.britishcouncil.org)

Let’s practise! What do you assume from the following images?

http://prezi.com/2obsgrq3-d6g/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share

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WordBit

Do you know WordBit?

Wordbit is an application with which you can learn about different languages in a different and entertaining way.
This new application allows you to learn English (and other languages) from your mobile phone’s lock screen and it allows you to choose different levels of difficulty.

Every time you unlock your mobile, the app will show words, with an image or definitions below so that you can understand better, and it also has audio. This way you can listen to the correct pronunciation and practise it.

In short, Wordbit offers you the opportunity to learn vocabulary from the most basic to the most advanced levels, to study expressions ranging from basic expressions, love phrases, everyday expressions and business. And you will always have the option to review any level you have passed whenever you want to reinforce.

Give it a go!

 

Texting language

Is this double dutch to you? Welcome to texting language, the 21st century English.

SMS language or textese (also known as txt-speak, txtese, chatspeak, txt, txtspk, txtk, txto, texting language, txt lingo, SMSish, txtslang, txt talk, text shorthand) or “texting language” is a term for the abbreviations and slang commonly used with mobile phone text messaging, but sometimes used with other Internet-based communication such as email and instant messaging.

Three features of early mobile phone messaging encouraged users to use abbreviations: (a) Text entry was difficult, requiring multiple key presses on a small keypad to generate each letter; (b) Messages were limited to 160 characters; and (c) it made texting faster.

Once it became popular it took on a life of its own and was often used outside of its original context. Although various research supports the use of SMS language, the popular notion that text messaging is damaging to the linguistic development of young people persists and many view it as a corruption of the standard form of language.

Humphrys describes emoticons and textese as “irritating” and essentially lazy behavior, and surmises that “sloppy” habits gained while using textese will result in students’ growing ignorance of proper grammar and punctuation. (Source: Wikipedia)

Whatever your feelings are, texting language is a reality and we have to cope with it. On the link below, you will see 50 popular text terms:

http://www.netlingo.com/top50/popular-text-terms.php

r u ready 2 try this exercise? Click on the comments to find the solutions.

Punctuation matters. A lot.

Two funny pictures to show that punctuation matters. A lot. 🙂

Can you see the difference in meaning, if punctuation marks had been used?

English has 14 punctuation marks. American and Bristish English follow the same rules of punctuation but the names may vary. Here you are the main differences (source: grammar. yourdictionary.com): If you want more information about punctuation marks and their rules, click HERE.

Some other common symbols and their names are:

@ at

. dot (for webpages, for example)

# hash (also octothorp and in Am. English pound sign)

& ampersand

/ Slash

_  underscore (for email addresses, for example)

 

Expressions to say when it’s very hot.

It’s so hot that you will probably hear these expressions this summer:

Remember that “HOT” is an adjective, as in “It’s boiling hot!

“HEAT” is a noun, as in “This heat is driving me crazy!

Language Exchanges

Are you a student of foreign languages looking for someone you can talk or write to? Are you a teacher looking for native speakers of the language you’re teaching? If this is your case, try The Mixxer, a webpage designed to connect language learners around the world via Skype. And it’s free!

Thanks for sharing this information, Vicente! 🙂

 

 

 

Picking up new words: Word of the Day

The online dictionary Wordrefence focuses every day on a word for a basic level and for an intermediate level. This is very useful, as it gives the explanation of the word, its pronunciation, examples, a video and interesting facts about the usage and origin of the word.

Today’s Word of the Day is Snoop, for example, which links with a similar word ‘Sneak’. If you didn’t know about this tool that Wordreference offers, click below and check how interesting it is.

http://daily.wordreference.com/2017/05/12/intermediate-word-of-the-day-snoop/