1st B1

COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH

Exercise 1

1. I arrive AT the station (nunca arrive TO)

2. She IS twenty years old

3. What DOES “charming” mean? (es pregunta, necesita auxiliar)

4.  After work I went HOME (“home” no lleva preposición: go home)

5. MOST OF THE PEOPLE like going to the cinema.

6. It depends ON the weather

7. I went to the supermarket TO get some milk (“Para” de finalidad siempre con TO + verbo)

8. I really love listening TO music (este verbo siempre tiene que llevar la preposición TO)

9. DO you agree with me? (Are you agree es “Spanglish”)

10. Joanna’s a good friend of MINE (una buena amiga mía)

11. She likes FOOTBALL very much (subject+ verb+ object+ rest of the sentence)

12. I do my English HOMEWORK (es incontable)

13. I’ve never been TO New York

14. THERE WERE twenty OF US at the party (error muy común: si dices “we were twenty” estás diciendo que teníais 20 años en la fiesta y queremos decir que había 20 personas (éramos 20) en la fiesta)

15. I’m thinking OF MOVING to London (detrás de preposición verbo con ing)

16. OK, I’LL open the window (decision taken at the moment of speaking)

17. Mejor: It’s my sister-in-law’s car

19. He’s got A LOT OF money (much para negativas e interrogativas)

20. I didn’t buy the dress because it was TOO expensive (TOO + adjetivo/ TOO MUCH + nombre incontable/ TOO MANY + nombre contable)

Exercise 2

1. She gave us some VERY USEFUL INFORMATION (adjetivo delante del sustantivo)

2. He has been in London FOR four days (desde hace/durante)

3. HE is from Mexico (no olvidemos el sujeto!)

4. The most important THING is to do your best.

5. We’VE STUDIED English since 2007.

6. Mejor: I’ve been to Morocco TWICE.

7. She’s been married FOR ten years. (during: se utiliza para decir cuándo ocurre algo: I feel asleep during the film/ For: se utiliza para decir cuánto dura algo)

8. How long are you staying in London? (FOR ahí no hace nada, estaría en la respuesta: I’m staying in London for three days, por ejemplo)

9. MY BROTHER is a doctor (he es otro sujeto y no hay que repetirlo, ya está my brother)

10. He TOLD ME or SAID TO ME that his name was Brad.

11. Who WROTE “War and Peace”? (preguntamos por el sujeto de la acción)

12. She WENT to the bank five minutes ago. (Ago, nos dice que es algo en pasado, además hemos especificado el momento en que hizo la acción)

13. I’m talking ON the phone.

PAGE 147 GRAMMAR 11A

A) 1. to- into/ 2. past/ 3. along/ 4. over/ 5. towards/ 6. over- into/ 7. round/ 8. across

B) 1. over/ 2. in/ 3. down/ 4. into/ 5. out/ 6. out of/ 7. up

READING PAGE 85

4b) 1- John McEnroe/ 2- John Howard/ 3- Jon Drummond/ 4- Nelson Piquet/ 5- Luciano Gaucci

4C) 1. out, 2. in, 3. down, 4. past, 5. out of, 6. out of

HEALTH: ILLNESS AND DISEASE

54.1.) 1d, 2f, 3g, 4b, 5c, 6h, 7a, 8e

54.2) 1. He’s got earache. / 2. She’s got backache/ 3. He’s got a pain in his arm. / 4. She’s got a stomach-ache. / 5. He’s got a pain in his leg. / 6. She’s got a headache/ 7. She’s got toothache.

54.3) 1. sore/ 2. nose/ 3. fever/ 4. prescription/ 5. hurt/ 6. painful/ 7. fillings/ 8. injection/ 9. painless

54.4) 1. she’s got flu/ 2. blowing your nose/ 3. my back is very painful/ 4. His finger was injured/ 5. a sore throat and a cough/ 6. hurt myself

HEALTH: INJURIES

55.1) 1.sling/ 2. bruise/ 3. bandage/ 4. stitches/ 5. cut

55.2) 1a, 2-, 3-, 4a

55.3) 1. collided with each other/ 2. one man knocked himself unconscious/ 3. cut on his forehead/ 4. an ambulance arrived/ 5. men to hospital /6. fifteen stitches/ 7. kept in hospital

55.4) 1. fight; stabbed/ 2. shot/ 3. burnt; painful/sore/ 4. swollen/ 5. ankle/ 6. bleeding

55.5) 1e, 2c, 3d, 4f, 5a, 6b

TOWN AND COUNTRY

60.1) 1. library, 2. car park, 3. shopping centre, 4. factory, 5. suburbs/ residential areas, 6. commecial centre/area

60.2) 1. noisy, 2. polluted, 3. stressful, 4. crowded, 5. peaceful, 6. safer, 7. exciting, 8. dangerous

60.3) 1. country(side), 2. valley, 3. wood, 4. footpath, 5. hedge, 6. gate, 7. field/farm, 8. tractor

60.4) 1 c, 2 d, 3 b, 4 e, 5 f, 6 g, 7 h, 8 a

-ED or -ING?

98.1.) 2. exhausting- exhausted/ 3. depressing- depressed- depressed/ 4. exciting- exciting- excited

98.2) 2. interested/ 3. exciting/ 4. embarrassing/ 5. embarrassed/ 6. amazed/ 7. astonishing/ 8. amused/ 9. terrifying- shocked/ 10. bored- boring/ 11. boring- interesting

98.3) 2. bored/ 3. confusing/ 4. disgusting/ 5. interested/ 6. annoyed/ 7. boring/ 8. exhausted/ 9. excited/ 10. amusing/ 11. interesting

PAST SIMPLE- PAST CONTINUOUS

1) 1. was swimming/ saw – 2. were watching/ arrived – 3. got / was snowing- 4. was lying/ started- 5. was learning / met – 6. were leaving/ rang- 7. were walking/ exploded – 8. saw/ was sitting- 9. opened/ were making- 10. shot/ was waiting

2) 1. heard/ were driving- 2. happened/ arrived – 3. did you do/ heard- 4. were watching/ exploded – 5. fell (past situation) or was falling (emphasis “all night long”)- 6. buried/ built- 7. was driving/ happened- 8. broke out/ reached- 9. was travelling/ were travelling (two simultaneous actions)- 10. were talking/ thought (sudden action) or was thinking (simultaneous actions).

3) 1. were standing/ 2. were talking/ 3. rained (was raining- possible for emphasis)/ 4. started/ 5. began / 6. were living / 7. heard /8. were hiking

4) started- were having- appeared- were smoking- threw (or were throwing)- ran- arrived- was burning- were trying- tried (or were trying)

3- VOCABULARY CLOTHES

A) Beach holidays: bikini, sandals, sunglasses, sunhat, swimming costume, trunks.

Walking holidays: fleece, walking boots, waterproof jacket

B) 1. sandals, 2. bikini, 3. swimming costume, 4. walking boots, 5. sunhat, 6. trunks, 7. waterproof jacket, 8. fleece, 9. sunglasses

C) 2. dressing gown, 3. knickers, 4. nightie, 5. underpants, 6. bra, 7. pyjamas, 8. vest

4- VOCABULARY CLOTHES AND ACCESSORIES

A) 2. earrings, 3. comb, 4. wallet, 5. bracelet, 6. shoelaces, 7. ring, 8. belt, 9. purse, 10. necklace

7- VOCABULARY DESCRIBING APPEARANCE

A) 1. cute, 2. dark-skinned, 3. elegant, 4. fair-skinned, 5. good-looking, 6. overweight, 7. plain, 8. pretty, 9. scruffy, 10. slim, 11. smart, 12. trendy

B) 1. good-looking, 2. smart, 3. overeweight, 4. fair-skinned, 5. cute, 6. plain, 7. dark-skinned, 8. trendy, 9. scruffy, 10. pretty, 11. slim, 12. elegant

6- VOCABULARY DESCRIBING CHARACTER

A) bad qualities: impatient, mean, rude, selfish, silly

good qualities: generous, lovely, patient, polite, sensible

B) 1. j, 2. a, 3. d, 4. f, 5. b, 6. e, 7. c, 8. i, 9. h, 10. g

STATE VERBS PHOTOCOPY: PRESENT SIMPLE- PRESENT CONTINUOUS

2. I’m seeing/ 3. I see / 4. are having/ 5. has/ 6. doesn’t fit/ 7. smells/ 8. is smelling/ 9. are you looking/ 10. look / 11. think / 12. I’m just thinking/ 13. feels / 14. I’m feeling / 15. is / 16. is being / 17. love / 18. don’t understand / 19. are having / 20. tastes

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