How much do you know about London and United States? Click on the orange box on the write to download two readings with exercises into your computer. Then check your answers here:
Answers (Exercises 1 and 2; corrections for Exercise 2 in bold)
1. The city of London has existed for almost 2,000 years. The Romans built the small town of ‘Londinium’ in about AD 47, shortly they after invaded Britain.
2. The British parliament building is in the centre of London, by the river Thames. The famous Big Ben clock tower is part of the building.
3. With an area of more than 1,500 square kilometres and about eight million people, London is one of the biggest cities in Europe.
4. London’s underground train system is the oldest in the world, and probably has the most famous map. There are eleven different lines, and 268 stations.
5. In 2012, London is going to host the Olympic Games for the third time. The other times were in 1908 and 1948. No other city has hosted the event more than twice.
6. London is perhaps the most cosmopolitan city in the world. Almost 2.3 million of the city’s people were born abroad, and Londoners speak a total of more than 300 different languages.
7. London has five international airports. The biggest, Heathrow, which is about 25km west of the city centre, now has five terminals and is one of the busiest airports in the world.
8. London is a good place if you like pubs, as there are about 3,800 of them. However, many of them close at 11pm, so it isn’t always easy to find a public place to socialise after that time.
9. There are more than a hundred parks in London, including two very big ones, Hyde Park and Regent’s Park, in the middle of the city.
10. The West End of London has a huge number of shops. It contains Europe’s busiest shopping street, Oxford Street, and also one of the world’s most famous department stores, Harrods.
If you want to learn more about London, visit this webpage: http://www.visitlondon.com/
1. independent 2. species 3. mammal 4. million 5. area 6. higher 7. cities
8. dessert 9. use 10. write 11. astronaut 12. singers
Words that should not be used: rich, has, sea
A: 1776 B: 700 C: 9,800,000 D: 11 E: 301,000,000 F: 1994 G: 1946 H: 1941 I: 70 J: 78 K: 4 (New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston) L: 1969
2. True. An American would write ‘color’ and ‘center’.
3. True. In 1900, average life expectancy in the United States was 47.
4. False. George W. Bush won his first presidential election in November 2000, and was sworn into office in January 2001.
5. False. Toronto is in Canada.
8. False. Around 90,000 species of insect have been documented in the United States, far more than the number of species of mammal or bird.
10. True. There are numerous competing explanations of the precise origin of ‘OK’, but there is widespread agreement that it emerged in the mid-nineteenth century in the United States. Its first appearance might have been in a Boston newspaper in 1839 as an abbreviation of ‘oll korrect’, a deliberate misspelling of ‘all correct’.
If you want to learn more, visit this webpage: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/country_profiles/1217752.stm