African American literature is the body of the literature produced in the United States by writers of African descent. The genre traces its origins to the works of late 18th century writers such as Phillis Wheatley, reaching early high points with slave narratives and the Harlem Renaissance, and continuing today with authors such as Toni Morrison, Maya Angelou and Walter Mosleyracism. Among the themes and issues explored in African American literature are the role of African Americans within the larger American society, African-American culture, racism, slavery and equality.
As African Americans’ place in American society has changed over the centuries, so has African American literature. Before the American Civil War, African American literature primarily focused on the issue of slavery, as indicated by the subgenre of slave narratives. At the turn of the 20th century, books by authors such as W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. During the American Civil Rights Movement, authors such as Richard Wright and Gwendolyn Brooks wrote about issues of racial segregation and black nationalism. Today, African American literature has become accepted as an integral part of American literature, with books such as “Roots: The Saga of an American Family” by Alex Haley, “The Color Purple” by Alice Walker, and “Beloved” by Toni Morrison achieving both best-selling and award-winning status. (Source: Wikipedia)
I recommend you the following books:
“Up from Slavery” by Booker T. Washington
“Uncle’s Tom Cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe
“The Color Purple” by Alice Walker